Build a 3D Printer

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Descripción del proyecto / Descripction of the project


RepRap es un proyecto de hardware libre para la construcción de impresoras 3D autoreplicantes. Aunque los resultados son un poco toscos en los bordes, la RepRap es capaz de producir objetos realmente útiles.

La primera parte de este taller consistirá en montar una máquina RepRap. Una vez que funcione completamente el taller puede seguir diferentes caminos, según los intereses de los participantes:

  • Auto replicado. Usar la RepRap para generar una copia de sí misma. Al ensamblar las piezas nuevas se puede modificar el diseño para corregir los problemas que surjan, sería un reto interesante.
  • Crear un nuevo sistema de extrusión. Hay una gran variedad de materiales interesantes que podrían ser muy útiles para una impresora 3D. Uno particularmente fascinante para me es el cabezal que derrite y expulsa crayones (ceras de colores) para construir objetos en cera, que serían muy útiles para diseñar objetos de colores o para crear objetos de metal utilizando la técnica de la cera perdida.
  • Cabezal Pick and Place. Contruir un cabezal pick and place permitirá imprimir circuitos electrónicos. Este es un paso fundamental para aumentar el número de componentes que puede producir una ReapRap.
Con la colaboración de / With the collaboration of StereoPrint, Servicio de Impresión Tridimensional

Stereoprint p.jpg

Documentación (gráficos, fotos y vídeos) / Documentation (graphics, pictures and videos)

During Interactivos?' we built a fully functional RepRap machine. This machine will now be permanently available at the Medialab Prado for use by the community at large to turn their ideas into physical things.

RepRap is an open source project for building a self-replicating 3D printer which is capable of producing real objects. A RepRap machine enables creative and inventive possibilities to explore art, science and technology, giving 'citizen scientists' the power to manufacture and share designs and experiments in an open and distributed way.

DIY refers to being self-reliant by completing tasks autonomously, and promotes the ability of the ordinary person to learn to do more than he or she thought was possible. The evolution of desktop 3D printing brings advanced fabrication and prototyping technology to people everywhere who wish to learn how to make things previously considered improbable.





Tecnologías y herramientas / Technologies and tools

Autor del proyecto / Project's Author

Zach Smith

Dreamer, scientist, hacker, self-replicator.

Zach Hoeken likes to dream big, fail big, and win big. His true passion in life is acting as a catalyst and helping others do amazing things. Whether it is creating open source micro controllers, robot controller software, object sharing websites, or self replicating 3D printers there is one central purpose: to help other people help themselves create an awesome world to live in. He hopes that someday we can create a world that surpasses even the wildest futures portrayed in science fiction. I think the universe is and will continue to be completely rad. Do you want to help?

Colaboradores / Collaborators

Erika Lincoln (CA), Kirsty Boyle (Aus), Guillermo Gago Doreste (Esp), Sunil Sudhakaran (IN), Ricardo Lobo (Port), Catarina Mota (Port), Cristina Bracno (Port), Daniel Pietrosemoil, Juan Gonzalez (Esp)

Enlaces / Links

RepRap[1] NYC Resistor[2] Zach Hoeken [3] Erika Lincoln [4] Sunil Sudhakaran [5] Ricardo Lobo [6]

Cómo Usar /How to Use

Get a File

Create the Toolpaths

Run the GCode File


Problem: Z-axis is skipping / the z-axis belt is slipping.

Solution: First, double check the belt tensioner. It should be taut. Not too tight, not too lose. You can adjust it in and out as needed. Second, double check the relative heights of the bed corners. They should all be at the same height.

Problem: X and Y axes are slipping.

Solution: Check the belts. You can re-tension them by loosening one of the belt clamps, pulling the belt taut, and then re-tightening it.

Problem: Initial raft is not sticking to the bed.

Solution: Make sure the extruder head is at the right height. It should be almost touching the surface. The surface of the nozzle may also have become coated in gunk. Clean it off with tweezers while its still hot.