Nuevas Interfaces Políticas
Descripción del proyecto / Description of the project
New Political Interfaces es un estudio sobre cómo los políticos y los medios de comunicación actúan en las redes sociales y cómo la gente actúa sobre los mensajes políticos.
¿Cuáles son los temas comunes y no comunes entre los políticos y los medios de comunicación? ¿Cómo de importante es para cada uno? ¿Cómo se difunde un mensaje? ¿Existe algún tipo de patrón de difusión?
Para responder a estas preguntas nos centramos en Twitter como red social y en EEUU como eje político de la comunicación. De esta forma podemos comparar los mensajes y sus contenidos tanto de la parte más conservadorea como de la progresista contra los medios de comunicación, así como estudiar sus posibles correlaciones.
The uprising of the Internet and all of its possibilities for participation, inevitably has instigated a transformation in politics as we know it. Some media outlets established that Obama won presidential elections in great extent due to the success of the use of the Internet, social networks and other new communications methods during his campaign. These social networking tools created for and by internet users are now being appropriated by opinion leaders as a direct 24 hr line of communication to all interested hearing their message.
On the horizon we can foresee the possibility of more participation from the public in an evolved political process, with politicians sharing their legislative powers with rest of society.
New Political Interfaces is a look into activity in politics on the Internet, with political activity as the content generated by the parties as well as by the users themselves, and expose any correlations between them. To accomplish this, data gathered from from messages in Twitter will be used for the study. Twitter is among the most popular social networking tools chosen by politicians and the media to proliferate their message. It’s open platform and inherent networking structure permits analysis of how messages organically disseminate.
Preguntas iniciales / First day questionary
1. Describe the goal of the project in 3 sentences (which message do you want to carry? to whom?)
The idea of wikigovernment involves two issues: the internet use as a media for dialogue and the political activity of users. How prepared are we to achieve that? What is the current use of the internet by politicians and internet users?
The objective of this study is to analyze the diffusion of political messages through internet based social networks and the activity of their users. In this first study the use of micro-blogging social network, Twitter, will be the subject of this analysis.
2. What are the inspiring projects and theories; background, context, references?
Google, Wikigoverment, Wikinomics, The 2008 Obama campaign, The appearance and use of social networks in politics and its potential for engaging the public
3. What is the short-term objective (what do you expect to finish in 2 weeks)?
Make a data grabber tool for the visualization of all the data gathered during the two weeks of the workshop. The tool will visualize two questions: One, what are the most discussed topics by politicians, opinion leaders, and news outlets on Twitter, and two, what are the rate and patterns of decay of their messages over time?
4. What is the long term objective (what posterior development do you think of)?
The long term objective is to create a website with various visualization tools available for anyone to analyze how politicians, the media and the public use social networks to communicate their political messages.
5. What are the data (status, where do they come from, who specifically owns the data?)
We get all the data from Twitter's API. Twitter has a public API from which we can gather all the relevant data. Every time one of our subjects makes a new tweet we follow the diffusion of the message by counting its re-tweets.
6. How will you convert data into some perceptual experience?
A visual interface in which the user can navigate through each of the conversations and is able to see how the content is interrelated. Study the dynamics of data and expand the conceptual relations of conversations with parameters of dynamics and movement.
7. Do you have any assumptions or previous hypothesis?
We believe currently that internet is primarily being used by politicians to communicate in a conventional top down manner, where we don't see a political dialogue, but instead a monologue where the message recipient's voice remains mostly unheard. We believe that the principle message advocates principally view the internet as a tool to spread their ideas in a broad and cost-efficient way. At the moment, by and large the average the users are simply mediators and contribute to the political discourse through the viral spreading of content; not as creators of content.
Desarrollo / Development process
To reach our concept, our approach is to analyze the disemination of a message in Twitter.
We are going to focus on 3 main groups; politicians, opinion leaders and news outlets. An opinion leader is an influential person or organization who openly declares their political leanings. Everytime a user from one of the groups makes a new tweet, we start to look for all the re-tweets generated by that tweet.
Active Politicians with the most followers on Twitter
- Barack Obama Left
- Joe Biden Left
- The White House Left
- Democratic Party Left
- Gavin Newsome Left
- Cory Booker Left
- Claire McCaskill Left
- Barbara Boxer Left
- Mark Warner Left
- Christopher Dodd Left
- Bill Nelson Left
- Dennis Kucinich Left
- Republican Party Right
- Senate Republicans Right
- John McCain Right
- Arnold Schwarzenegger Right
- Jim DeMint Right
- Charles Grassley Right
- Eric Cantor Right
- John Boehner Right
- Addison Wilson Right
- Bobby Jindal Right
- Ron Paul Right
- Michele Bachmann Right
- Glenn Beck Right
- Bill O'reilly Right
- Sarah Palin Right
- Rachel Maddow Left
- Al Gore Left
- Bill Clinton Left
- Joe Trippi Left
- Sean Hannity Right
- Mike Huckabee Right
- Huffungton Post Left
- Nick Kristoff Left
Paul Krugman Left
- Markos Moulitsas Left
- Drudge Report Right
- Karl Rove Right
- Michelle Malkin Right
- Amanda Carpenter Right
- Media Matters for America Left
Ed Shultz Left
- Arianna Huffington Left
- Mike Allen Left
- Joe Scarborough Right
- Rick Sanchez Left
- Heritage Foundation Right
- Think Progress Left
- Cato Institute Right
- Terry Moran
- ABC News
- CBS News
- NBC News
- Fox News
- LA Times
- NY Times
- Washington Post
- Boston Globe
- Chicago Tribune
- Wallstreet Journal
- Washington Times
- National Review Online
- Weekly Standard
- The Nation
- The Hill
- Fox News Radio
- How much dialogue is there? Is the communication mostly top down?
- How much horizontal communication flow is there among users?
- How do messages from different opinion leaders & news outlets disseminate through space and time?
- Who is more effective in disseminating their message?
- What topics are most important to whom?
- Which opinion leaders have the most power users following them? How does this affect the dissemination?
- Who are the power users?Why do they re-tweet so much? What are they re-tweeting?
- What are the topics that get re-tweeted most by the different geographical regions?
- Is there an organized effort to spread the message?
- Can patterns of coordination between news outlets and opinion leaders to distribute a message be found?
- What topics do the different news outlets tweet the most?
- Who is the fastest in spreading the message?
- What is the decay rate of a message for the opinion leaders and news outlets?
- Do the geographical patterns that reflect political persuasions accurately reflect the states representation?
Datos / Data
Tecnología / Technologie
Gate, text mining java framework.
Estado actual y desarrollo del proyecto / Current status and next steps
Actualmente el proyecto se encuentra en una primera parte del desarrollo que irá avanzando según se obtengan más datos y más visualizaciones.
Autores del proyecto / Authors of the project
- Cristobal Castilla (firstname.lastname@example.org)
- Héctor Sánchez-Pajares (email@example.com)
- José Hernández (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Colaboradores / Collaborators
- Daniel González: design and programming (email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org)
- Roland Heuger: programming (email@example.com)
- Samara Tanaka: design (firstname.lastname@example.org)
- Miguel López: research and documentation (email@example.com)
Web del proyecto
WeFollow, Twitter directory and search
Tweet Congress, Database of members of congress that use Twitter.
TCOT, Top Conservative on Twitter
Tweet Progress, Directory of Progressives on Twitter
WikiGoverment, by Beth Simone Noveck.
Wikinomics, by Don Tapscott and Anthony Williams.
How Obama’s Internet Campaign Changed Politics, New York Times.
Obama's internet strategy, Read Write Web.
Obama presidential campaign 2008, Wikipedia.
New Political Patterns, Orgnet.
Social Media is slowly changing the demographics, Read Write Web